Ruby Diamond Necklace

Rubies are a type of corundum. They get their red color from the chromium present in the stone. Sapphires are also a type of corundum and are related to rubies. The ruby is also the birthstone for those born in the month of July and the traditional gift for a 40th anniversary. Naturally occurring rubies are some of the rarest gems in the world. In addition to jewelry, rubies have other uses. They are also used for lasers, watch parts, and turntable styluses.

The ruby has been a favored stone of many ancient civilizations including those in Europe and Asia. It is believed to have been traded along the Silk Road of China in 200 bc. The ruby was also a favorite stone of royalty, including the famous Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of Henry VII. In Greek mythology the ruby was a gift from a female stork to Heraclea. The stone was said to be so bright that it lit up the entire room every night. Rubies that darkened over time were thought to be warning of upcoming loss or misfortune. Rubies were not only set in precious metals, they were also engraved. Popular choices for engravings were religious symbols and animals. Their name originates from the Latin word “ruber” meaning red. Naturally occurring rubies have been mined in Afghanistan, Cambodia, Thailand, and most popularly Burma. In recent years they have also been found in Kenya and Greenland.

Similar to diamonds, rubies are graded by the four C’s; color, cut, clarity and carat weight. The most important of these factors for value is the color. There are three components to grading color of a ruby; tone, hue, and saturation. The hue represents what people would call the color. A gem may have a primary, secondary, and tertiary hue. All of these will affect the value of the stone. For a ruby, the primary hue must always be red. If not, the stone is a sapphire and not a true ruby. The most valuable of rubies are those with a hue that is medium red. A purple secondary hue is preferred because it causes the stone to appear a richer red tone.

Almost all of the rubies in the market have been treated. Rubies are commonly treated with heat and also infused. Heat treatment enhances the color of the stone and has become a common practice for many types of gems. For centuries, gems have been heated to improve color. It is an acceptable treatment and recognized by the American Gem Trade Association as standard procedure. Infusion is done to create a more uniform appearance inside of the stone. The ruby may be filled with glass, resin, oil, or wax.

Popular cuts for rubies include; emerald, brilliant, cabochon, and the mixed cut. For the emerald cut, the cuts are made parallel to the side of the stone. They resemble steps and are sometimes referred to as step cut stones. When a ruby is cut into triangular facets, which is referred to as the brilliant cut. Like diamonds, this causes the stone to sparkle by reflecting light. Cabochon cuts are shaped like a dome. They also do not have facets but are instead polished and are one of the least expensive cut styles. The mixed cut is a combination of step and brilliant cuts. This is the most popular cut for a ruby since it enhances the color. Garnets, red spinels, and even colored pieces of glass have all been used to imitate rubies.

For metaphysical purposes, the ruby represents the base and heart chakras. It is believed to improve motivation, increase confidence, add joy, courage, and wealth. Rubies are considered to be a passionate gem and help those who wear it have more energy. For healing purposes, the ruby is thought to stimulate many organs. These include; kidneys, spleen, and reproductive. Not surprisingly, the ruby is thought to assist the blood system. They were placed under the foundation of buildings to increase the good fortune in Asian countries

Rubies score a 9 on the Mohs scale of hardness. Few gems are stronger than the ruby, making it a perfect partner for diamonds in a necklace. Avoid exposing to chemicals, rubies are treated gems and therefore may be altered by other chemicals. Store bought cleaning solutions can be used to clean rubies and diamonds; however, ultrasonic cleaners are not safe for rubies. Warm water and a mild soap can also be used. A soft bristled brush should be sufficient for removing and dirt or debris from your pendant. Your necklace should be stored separately from other jewelry. A box with separate compartments is the best option for keeping your necklace safe while storing with other pieces.

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